Santa Fe Transcontinental Passenger Service
March 31, 1946, The Chief (#19/20) became a transcontinental
train in that three of its eight full sleepers were coast-to-coast cars in conjunction
with the PRR (Broadway Limited #28/29), NYC (20th Century Ltd. #25/26)
and B&O (Capital Limited #5/6).
- PRR, 4-4-2
Sleeper (light-dark-light gray) (Imperial Pass, Park, and Point)
Santa Fe cars were Hotevilla and Bacobi groups. Regals later
replaced them in 1954.
- B&O, 6-6-4 Sleeper (ATSF
Valley car exclusively)
- NYC, 4-4-2 Sleeper
(Imperial House, Imperial Domain, Imperial Empire). Santa Fe cars were
At the beginning
of 1946 the NYC used the grays in a light-dark-light pattern with a pair of silver
or silver-gray pinstripes through the window band. In late 1946 that was changed
to dark-light-dark, though still with the pinstripes. This scheme lasted until
1948, and there's a good color photo of it from that year on page 14 of Zimmerman's
20th Century Limited. When the Century was re-equipped in 1948 the
pinstripes were discontinued, the shades of gray changed slightly, and the letttering
style changed too. Also in 1948-9 the Imperials were renamed as Bridge
In 1949, a second sleeper was added
from the NYC, a 10-5 Cascade. These were soon replaced by 10-6 River
cars (Chicopee River, Indian River, Kankakee River). The Santa Fe used
Pine cars for this service.
1950, the B&0 service changed from a 6-6-4 to a 10-6. This service was covered
completely by ATSF Pine cars and was extended via the San Diegans
to San Diego, becoming the longest Pullman route (3,120 miles).
Chaparro reports: "For 1951 I have the following cars, by type, assigned
to this service for the NYC:
Castleton Bridge, George Washington Bridge, Thousand Islands Bridge, Tri-Boro
Bridge, Brooklyn Bridge, International Bridge, Rip Van Winkle Bridge
Chicago River, Chateaugay River
filling in: 4-4-2 High Bridge, Imperial Chariot, Imperial Crown, Imperial Empire
July 9, 1951 Pullman Company listing of car assignments for the New York Central
showed the following cars assigned to transcontinental service:
- New York Central cars Castleton Bridge
and George Washington Bridge
- Santa Fe cars
Nava, Bacobi, Saydatoh, Tsankawi, and Seboyeta
- New York Central cars Chicago River
and Chateaugay River
- Santa Fe Cars Pine
Bell, Pine Beach, Pine Brook, Pine Cavern, and Pine Arroyo.
July 26,1951, the following New York Central cars were substituted for the Santa
Fe 4-4-2 sleepers: Thousand Islands Bridge, Tri-Boro Bridge, Brooklyn Bridge,
International Bridge, and Rip Van Winkle Bridge. The Santa Fe car Nava
was listed as an extra. Other New York Central 4-4-2 sleepers known to have operated
in this service were High Bridge, Imperial Chariot, Imperial Crown, and
is less understood. It appears that the tuscan paint scheme did not come until
1954, and by that time Santa Fe cars fully covered this service.
Freed states concerning their paint during interchange: "From 3/46 to 1953
these would have been TTG paint. They had a dark window band on a light body,
black roofs, silver trucks and silver grey striping and lettering. The second
gray scheme (1953) was Pullman drawing D5223 and differed from the first with
its black trucks and small PRR at either end of the letterboard."
the 20th Century Limited and the Broadway Limited left New York
at 6:00p and arrived in Chicago at 9:00a. the Capitol Limited left Washington
at 5:30p and arived in Chicago at 8:00a. The Chief departed at 1:30p.
January 15, 1954, the sleepers were shifted to the Super
Chief (#17/18) and protected by ATSF stainless cars. Only rarely (Frailey
says once or twice a month) would sleepers from eastern connections be
seen in place of Regal or Pine cars. These sleeper pools were:
10-6 from Washington (Capital Ltd.) via Chicago to San Diego. (Pine
Leaf, Gem, Creek, Pass, Ring, Beach). Return was via the Shenandoah.
NYC 10-6 from New York (20th Century Ltd.) via Chicago to LA. (Pine
Arroyo, Brook, Dale, Island, Cove, Fern)
4-4-2 from New York (20th Century Ltd.) via Chicago to LA. (Regal Gate,
Gulf, Arms, Creek, Town, Court)
- PRR 4-4-2 from
New York(Broadway Ltd.) via Chicago to LA. (Regal Ruby, River, Spa,
City, Inn, Ring)
4 cars operated as a block. Initially, they were after the lounge and in front
of the Vista Sleeper observation. After June 1, 1957, they moved to the front
side of the diner.
The PRR dropped its
car in October, 1957. The NYC and B&O 10-6 cars were dropped January 12, 1958.
The NYC 4-4-2 was the final car to cease operation in April, 1958.